Trash is defined as solid, disalcum, undesirable, and discarded. We still think that garbage is a trivial item and throw it away as we please wherever we are. It is not uncommon for us to see road users casually throwing garbage in front of the merchandise without feeling troubled. On the side of the road is a pile of garbage that resembles a small mountain, scattered. In the trenches are also seen full of various kinds of garbage. From this incident it can be said that the community has not realized that the waste dumped has an impact on public health and cause squalo.
In ancient human life, garbage has not been a problem. But with the increasing population with fixed space, the more days the problem of garbage becomes bigger. This is evident from the changing modernization of life and the development of technology in which human activity is increasing. The more diverse activities, various types of waste produced, especially garbage coming from housing. In a sense this waste is produced by locals who carry out the disposal of the remains of the goods or products they have used. Waste consumption is waste produced by humans as users of goods.
In connection with human activities, the problem of waste will be related, both in terms of social, economic, and cultural. The health of a person or society is a social problem that is always related between the components that exist in society.
If it can be secured, waste will not be a potential effect on the environment. However, managed waste is not in a place that guarantees environmental safety. It has an impact on public health, the environment becomes rundown, and appeals to a variety of animals, such as flies and dogs, that can carry diseases. Potential health hazards that can be posed such as diarrhea, cholera, typhoid and fungi can spread quickly, because unmanaged garbage can mix with drinking water and spread disease viruses.
Liquid seepage garbage can enter the drainage or river and will pollute the water. Various organisms in the water, including fish, can die. More extreme, some aquatic species may vanish and result in changing biological aquatic ecosystems. Waste dumped into the water will produce organic acids and organic liquefied gases such as methane. In addition to smelling unpleasant, in high concentrations of gas (methane) this can explode. Surely it can harm the wider community.
It is not uncommon for existing garbage to fill the trenches around the house, causing flooding. The rainy season becomes an unpleasant season for the community, especially in dense settlements. The trenches are no longer able to drain water to the maximum, because it is blocked by piles of garbage. This resulted in unstoppable rainwater and the memory of the yard. Existing puddles carry an unpleasant smell, as well as kill the grasses in the yard and other open spaces.
When viewed in some areas, this incident of littering often occurs in urban areas. The question is whether the villagers are better behavior than the towns community?
The City Without Slums Program (Kotaku) is not only physically intervention but also social, economic and cultural / behavior of the community. Therefore, it is necessary to make efforts to prevent slums. Do not let then slum 0% (based on the current area) but instead appear new slums in other areas. Of course, tactical and sustainable measures are needed by all components of society for the sake of human survival.
It’s time for a change in waste management to be made. Waste management means the collection, transportation, processing, recycling, or disposal of waste. Good waste management can certainly reduce its negative impact on health, environment, and beauty, in addition to being a slum prevention.
District/city governments can take appropriate policies to deal with existing waste problems. The waste problem is a very urgent issue and should be a priority of the district / city government. The involvement and support of the whole community is certainly important for the realization of government programs. Government policy can be in the form of allocating existing waste in the district / city to a suitable place. The appropriate place should be far from the settlements of the inhabitants. The distance of the trash can with the source of clean water should also be a concern, because the garbage that is thrown away can contaminate the source of clean water. Various diseases can be caused by contaminated water sources, such as abdominal pain. And, last but not least, trash cans should be far from agricultural areas and plantations. Non-biodegradable decomposed waste can cause solid soil and cover the soil surface. Both of these reduce soil fertility so that agricultural areas are no longer able to produce well.
In addition, burying waste is one way in waste management. This method is very popular in all parts of the world. Burial of garbage can be carried out in abandoned soil, mining pits, or natural pits. A well-managed burial site produces a hegenis and inexpensive dump. Garbage burial avoids contact with the atmosphere layer. Directly exposed waste can cause unpleasant odors, unintractive landscapes and nests for different types of microorganisms and makrorganism causes and carriers of diseases.
Special organic waste can be used as an environmentally friendly organic fertilizer (biological processing). Biological substances can be plant substances, food waste or paper. One example of waste management using composting techniques is the Green Bin Program in Toronto, Canada. That is, household organic waste, such as kitchen waste and plant pieces, is collected in special bags for composting.
Changing existing organic waste can bring its own advantages. Fertilizers derived from organic waste can be used for personal purposes, even for sale. Organic fertilizer material is very easy to get, and this fertilizer is famously environmentally friendly. Non-organic waste such as bottles, and used cans can be used as useful things with a touch of art. With his creativity, people can create artificial flowers with plastic and used pipettes and use used cans for their pots. There are also many toys that can be made from non-organic waste such as cans and bottles, for example to make a toy-making car. In short we can turn existing garbage into items that have artistic value and even selling value.
Author: Amirudin (the 5th semester student of English Department )